International Extremes

December 21st 2023

MORE POLAR STRATOSPHERIC CLOUDS: For the third day in a row, Arctic sky watchers are reporting a widespread outbreak of polar stratospheric clouds. "The colors are spectacular," says Ramune Sapailaite, who photographed the display over Gran, Norway:

"The clouds were visible in the sky all day, but the colors really exploded just before sunset," says Sapailaite. "I took these pictures using my cellphone."

Widely considered to be the most beautiful clouds on Earth, polar stratospheric clouds (PSCs) are rare. Earth's stratosphere is very dry and, normally, it has no clouds at all. PSCs form when the temperature in the Arctic stratosphere drops to a staggeringly-low -85 C. Then, and only then, can widely-spaced water molecules begin to coalesce into tiny ice crystals. High-altitude sunlight shining through the crystals creates intense iridescent colors that rival auroras.

Posted 1th July 2021

Death Valley Hits 130 Degrees as Heat Wave Sweeps the West  54.4c...Not yet Highest !!

8th July

Credit...Roger Kisby for The New York Time

1st July 2014:
Hallo Rajesh yesterday it was 53.0C at Gotvand, in Iran
also one station rHoseynieh recorded 40.6C of minimum temperature and 45.5C of daily average temperature
another one recorded 1% of humidity rate with 52.1C and -20.5C of dew point, almost 73C difference between T and dew point 

July 10th 2020 ...(of 1913)

In addition to the excessive heat seen across the US that year, there are newspaper articles from that same time period suggesting high heat may have taken place in others part of the world.  One such article (excerpt shown above) written on March 30, 1913 reported that “recent observations seem to show that glaciers are gradually disappearing all over the world”. 

July 10th 2020

Death Valley high temperature record of July 10, 1913

From "Whatts up with That"
*On July 10,Temperature recordings at the Greenland Ranch weather station in Death Valley, California during the intense heat wave of July 1913.  This excerpt about the record-breaking heat wave comes from an article posted during January 1922 in the meteorological journal Monthly Weather Review which is still in publication today. Source: NOAA 1913, Death Valley, California reached an amazing 134 degrees...56.6c the hottest temperature ever reliably recorded in a year with many remarkable weather events.
The high temperature in Death Valley, California on Friday will come close to 120°F, but this is still well short of the all-time record there that occurred way back in 1913. On July 10th, 1913, the weather observer at Greenland Ranch in Death Valley recorded a high temperature of 134°F One hundred and seven years later, this is still the highest air temperature ever reliably recorded on Earth. In addition to this all-time and worldwide high temperature record, the year of 1913 produced numerous other extreme weather events. 
The intense heat of July 1913 in California was not the only extreme heat measured that year in the US.  There was a widespread heat wave in June of that same year across the eastern half of the nation which resulted in many readings above 100°F.  In fact, NOAA’s official temperature records still cite June 16, 1913 as the hottest ever on a nationwide basis for that particular date.  In addition to the excessive heat seen across the US that year, there are newspaper articles from that same time period suggesting high heat may have taken place in others part of the world. 
On September 12th, 2012, the WMO officially re-certified the 134 degree reading of July 10th, 1913 at Death Valley, California as the all-time highest air temperature ever recorded on Earth after evidence surfaced suggesting the Libya record of 136°F was based on a reading from a bad thermometer that was placed in the wrong place (near asphalt) and read by an untrained observer

February 8th 2020
The temperature in northern Antarctica hit nearly 65 degrees (18.3 degrees Celsius), a likely heat record on the continent.
The reading was taken on Thursday, 6th February 2020. at an Argentine research base and still needs to be verified by the World Meteorological Organisation.
“Everything we have seen thus far indicates a likely legitimate record,” Randall Cerveny, who researches records for the organisation, said in a statement.
18.3°C! - new highest temperature recorded for continental , yesterday at Esperanza Base, the northern tip of the Antarctic Peninsula, 63°23′S; previous record was 17.5°C in 2015 also at Esperanza
; records began at the station in 1961, pic Nestor Franco

Jan 2019

Greenland just set a new all-time record low temperature. Not only for January 2, not only for the entire month of January, not only at Summit Station, but for anywhere across the island, and for any month of the year.
Summit Camp, also known as Summit Station, is a year-round research station on the apex of the Greenland Ice Sheet. It is located some 10,500 ft (3,200 m) above sea level, and it’s data is often cited by climate alarmists claiming “Greenland Is Melting Away Before Our Very Eyes” and other such nonsense…
Adding to the list of temperature measurements those alarmists will likely ignore -or won’t even get to hear about given the mainstream media’s warm-bias- is Summit Camp’s preliminary low of -86.8F (-66C) set at 11:13 PM on January 02, 2020.
The reading, once confirmed by the DMI, will enter the books as Greenland’s coldest-ever recorded temperature-not only at Summit Camp, and not only in January, but of anywhere across the island, and of any month of the year.

Thanks to tomOmason and Benjamin Napier for this link

January 23rd 2019:
Jan 2019 Heat Wave Australia

Port Augusta creates a record of the Highest temperature for a place within 5 kms from the sea..recording 49.5c. 
Also 49.1c recorded at Red Point Rock, 100 metres from the sea....
Info from Max Herrera

One town in northwestern Australia, Marble Bar, has now had 22 consecutive days of temperatures above 40 C, at one point almost reaching 50 C.

April 14th/15th 2018:

Kauai Experiences the U.S. 24-h Precipitation Record

The north shore of the Hawaiian island Kauai may have set a national record for the most rainfall ever in a 24-hour period, according to preliminary dataRain gauges in Waipa, about a mile west of Hanalei, recorded 49.69 inches (1262 mms) on April 14 and 15.
Intense rainfall cut a path through Hanalei, which received 28 inches (713 mm) of rainfall. The U.S. Army and National Guard airlifted more than 220 people from the Haena and Wainiha areas after Kuhio Highway, the only road that leads to them, was blocked by landslides. Floodwaters carried off bison, some of which were rescued from the ocean. Ocean water around Kauai was an unusual shade of orange for a week after the storm because red–orange clay from the mountaintops was swept into the water by the rain.

The torrential rain began on April 12, when an elongated area of low pressure disrupted the normal flow of the northeast trade winds above Oahu. This caused heavy rainfall as the system strengthened and moved slowly over Kauai. The rain event lasted through April 19.

15th February 2018
Giant hail fell Thursday in Argentina. (Victoria Druetta)
The hail started around 4:30 in the afternoon in Cordoba, Argentina. At first, it was “tiny and fun,” but then it changed. Hailstones larger than tennis balls began to fall from the sky, eventually growing to mammoth size.
Victoria Druetta hurriedly snagged one giant stone that fell in her neighbourhood of Carlos Paz, snapped a photo of it and placed it in her freezer.
“The hail lasted 20 minutes. It was kind of scary,” Druetta recalled. “It hit and then exploded and then melted some. It was probably even bigger.”

The stone looks to be up to 18 centimetres in diameter — 7.1 inches — at its largest width, which could be a record for the Southern Hemisphere. The stone’s unusual size made it difficult to measure because of its bumpy surface and because it melted a bit before Druetta put it down on a tape measure.

Very hot desert Nights ....6th July 2015
Minimum temperatures of Monday 6th July in Oman ..
Al Amirat 38.2c, Muscat Seeb A.P.  37.8c,  Qalhat  37.6c, Suwaiq 36.1c.

Max on 5th July in Suwaiq 48.4c, Rustaq 47.1c, Muscat A.P. was 46.6c, 

Kuwait on 4th July:
Mitribah                                    Max 50.6c                  
Kuwait International airport      Max 50.3c         
Sulaibiya                                  Max 50.0c                     
Jahra                                        Max 50.6c

Highest night (min) temp ever recorded in the world :

43.3 C(110 F)  at Death valley .. on July 5 1918 ....sent by Rohit Aroskar
39.5c, recorded at Noona Australia was another high minimum on 17th/18th Jan 2019

Highest Minimum Temp in India (as per my records) is at Khandwa on 21st April 1980: 40.5c

on July 12th 2012 , Death Valley set a new high minimum temperature record with a reading of 107°F (41.7 C)..
Some Indian Minimums: Delhi Sjung min 36c on 30-5-88
Kolkat min 30c on 30-5-88 and Nagpur 35c
June 27th 2010 @Sibi min 36.8c....5th June 1976  Sibi 38c min

6th July 2015:
Very hot desert Nights .... minimum temperatures of Monday 6th July in Oman ..!!
Al Amirat 38.2c, Muscat Seeb A.P.  37.8c, Qalhat  37.6c, Suwaiq 36.1c.
Max on 5th July in Suwaiq 48.4c, Rustaq 47.1c, Muscat A.P. was 46.6c, 

Kuwait on 4th July 2015:
Mitribah                                  Max 50.6c                  
Kuwait International airport     Max 50.3c         
Sulaibiya                                 Max 50.0c                     

Jahra                                      Max 50.6c

The most famous example of Chinook winds occurred on January 22, 1943.The 49°F (27°C) rise in two minutes set a world record that still holds.

Spearfish,South Dakota(US) saw its temperature warm from -4°F (-20 c) at 7:30 a.m. to 45°F (7 c) at 7:32 a.m., a 45-degree F(27 c) rise in just two minutes during the morning of January 22nd. By 9:00 a.m. the temperature had risen gradually to 54°F(12 c) when it suddenly dropped again to -4°F(-20 c) over the next 27 minutes....from Weather Underground sent by Rohit Aroskar.

Extreme Day Range Variations:
1) Oklahoma city (US) on11 Nov 1911 : high of 28 c and low of -8 c .. [range of 36 c] ..2 ) Amarillo (US) in Dec 1919: at 12 noon -> 20 c .. at 1 pm ->-5 c [drop of 25 c in 1 hr] and by 7 pm -> -17 c .. !
Data from NOAA submitted by Rohit Aroskar

Loma,montana(US).. is the location of the most extreme recorded temperature change in a 24-hour period in the United States. On January 15, 1972, the temperature rose from -48 °C to 9 °C; a dramatic example of the regional Chinook wind in action.....
(source: wiki article on loma; ref. no. 2  submitted by Rohit Aroskar) 

Here is a list of the top five places in the world with the most extreme range of temperature (actually six places since Orlovka would tie Amga for 5th spot). All of these locations with the exception of Orlovka are in Siberia:

1. Verkoyansk: 104.9°C (188.8°F) range: -67.6°C (-89.7°F), 37.3°C (99.1°F)

2. Batamaj: 103.7°C (186.7°F) range: -65.7°C (-86.3°F), 38.0’C (100.4°F)

3. Yakutsk: 102.8°C (184.3°F) range: -64.4°C (-83.2°F), 38.4°C (101.1°F)

4. Oymyakon: 102.3°C (184.2°F) range: -67.7°C (-89.9°F), 34.6°C (94.3°F)

5. Orlovka (maybe): 102.0° range (183.6°F) : -62.0°C, (-79.6°F), 40.0°C (104.0°F)

5 (tied). Amga: 102.0° (183.6°F) range: -63.0°C (-81.4°F), 39.0°C (102.2°F)


If the data for Orlovka is correct, we have identified an exceptional and almost unique place of temperature extremes. It will be up to the Kazakhstan Institute of Meteorology to send a team to verify the accuracy of the Orlovka station if we want to know for sure just how rare the site may be weather-wise.

Maximiliano Herrera....From Weatherunderground. Sent by Rohit Aroskar.

Severe Heat Wave Down Under in Australia...January 2013...

A massive heat wave burning much of Australia has sent temperatures and fire danger soaring.

9th Jan 2013, highest temperatures of up to 49c, or 120 F, were to be found over the hinterland of Western Australia, the nation's huge western state, but with readings still well above 40c (104 F) spread over much of the eastern state of Queensland.

Some of the Severe Highest Day Temperatures on: 
5th January: Lihou Reef National Nature Reserve 49c, 
6th January: Moomba 47c, 
7th January: Port Austa  47c, 
8th January 47c at Leonora and 
9th Jan 2013 48.8c at Leonora an all time high record. 

Hobart too broke its highest record when it measured 41.8c.

In Western Australia, readings on 9th Jan 2013 topped nearly as high as the vast state's all-time maximum temperature of 49.8c, or 121.6 degrees F.
The hottest spot, was Red Rocks Point, which soared to 48.6c, or 119.5 degrees F. Red Rocks is located in the southeast of the state, right along the chilly waters of the Great Australian Bight.
Next in line was Eucla, which also lies near the Bight, barely inside the border with South Australia. Eucla reached 48.2c, or nearly 119 F.
In neighboring South Australia, Nullarbor registered 46.8c, or 116.2 F, on 10th Jan.
Deep within the Nullarbor Plain, Forrest registered a sizzling 47.9c, or 118.2 degrees F.
Interestingly, Forrest shares the Western Australia all-time highest temperature of 49.8c -- 121.6 F -- which was reached on Jan. 13, 1979, according to the Australian Bureau of Meteorology (BoM) website. Also in 1979, but on Jan. 3, Mundrabilla Station topped at 49.8c.

The highest temperature ever recorded in more than 150 years of weather history in Sydney is 45.3c (113.5 degrees F), the Australian Bureau of Meteorology (BoM) website showed. For the airport, the historical top is 45.2c. This year it has topped 42c.

7th January, 2013, Hottest Day in History for Australia
Heat-weary Australia has registered its hottest day, on Monday 7th January, 2013, meteorological readings have shown.
Monday 7th Jan, was called the "hottest day on record" after the Australian Bureau of Meteorology (BoM) calculated a national average high temperature of 40.33c (104.6 degrees F), the Australian ABC News website said.
The single average temperature was compiled from between 700 and 800 daily readings spread across the country, the BoM's Dr. Donald Jones said.
The former record high, set in 1972, was part of a comprehensive Australian weather record that dates back to the start of 1911.
Inputs from Jim Andrews (Accuweather) and Austrailia Met Bur.

First Time a New Colour added !
The giant and record heatwave in Australia has forced the meteorologists to further add 2 new colours, upwards of 45c and 50c in its temperature charts...they have now added, at least till the heat is on..deep purple and pink as the 2 new colours...

This is probably the first time any country has added and re-drawn their temperature charts to take into account temperatures likely to tip and go off the scale hitherto applied and made...Says Bob Ward, of Grantham Institute for Climate Change, London, "Its a measure of the severity of the heat wave...that the National Bureau is struggling to re-calibrate its montoring methods by adding 4c and 2 colours to its scale.."

Dallol, Ethiopia With an average daily temperature of 34.4 °C (93.9 °F),
it should come as no surprise that these days the city little more than a ghost town.

Atacama Desert, Chile It is so dry here that between October 1903 to January 1918

not a single drop of rain fell on the desert town of Arica

which is the longest rainless period ever recorded.

Commonwealth Bay With winds that regularly exceed 240 kilometres (150 mi)

per hour and an average annual wind speed of 80 kilometres (50 mi) per hour,

Commonwealth Bay is the windiest spot on Earth.


  1. Loma,montana(US).. is the location of the most extreme recorded temperature change in a 24-hour period in the United States. On January 15, 1972, the temperature rose from −48 °C to 9 °C; a dramatic example of the regional Chinook wind in action.....
    (source: wiki article on loma; ref. no. 2)

  2. In Pincher Creek,Alberta (Canada).. the temperature rose by 41°C , from -19 C to 22°C , in one hour in 1962..


    1. u can also refer for Source:Govt of Alberta website


  3. Rohit: would welcome any weather extreme and records for our extremes blog...BUT, will verify the correctness before putting up on blog...remember, vagaries reports and facts, in either blog , HAVE to be correct and genuine...thats faith in our blog....and verifying your updates ...
    Anybody with any records of extreme please contribute direct to blog comments (extreme blog please) or by mail to me....

  4. The most famous example of Chinook winds occurred on January 22, 1943.The 49°F (27°C) rise in two minutes set a world record that still holds.

    Spearfish,South Dakota(US) saw its temperature warm from -4°F (-20 c) at 7:30 a.m. to 45°F (7 c) at 7:32 a.m., a 45-degree F(27 c) rise in just two minutes during the morning of January 22nd. By 9:00 a.m. the temperature had risen gradually to 54°F(12 c) when it suddenly dropped again to -4°F(-20 c) over the next 27 minutes. Dressing for the day must have been problematic for Spearfish’s residents :)

    For more info about Chinook winds and their latest effects please refer the below mentioned blog :

    (Taken from the blog of Weather Historian Christopher C. Burt : "")

    *Rapid City (South Dakota,US) thermograph is wild ..

  5. This blog is frigid :) -

    Another ‘Pole of Cold’ Discovered? The Case of Orlovka, Kazakhstan

    (Ace temperature detective and climatologist Maximiliano Herrera may have discovered a remote place in Kazakhstan that has one of the most extreme climates in the world.)

    (Please refer the blog for more info :

  6. July 2010 was the warmest month ever in Moscow since the beginning of modern meteorological records.
    Temperature exceeded the long-term average by 7.8°C (the previous record in July 1938 was 5.3°C above
    average). More than 20 daily temperature records were broken, including the absolute maximum temperature
    in Moscow.


  7. Continental Europe had the hottest summer since at least 1540. Europe recorded in august 2003 its worst heatwave. In
    many locations, temperatures rose above 40°C. In Belgium, france, German, Italy, the Netherlands, Portugal,
    Spain, Switzerland and the United Kingdom, 40 000 to 70 000 deaths were attributed to the heatwaves.

  8. In 2004 a record number of 10 tropical cyclones made landfall
    in Japan (the previous record was six), including Typhoon Tokage, the deadliest to hit Japan since 1979. Source:Source:

  9. In 2004 in spring, parts of the north-east People’s Republic of China experienced the worst drought conditions
    since 1951, and southern China received the lowest autumn rainfall since 1951.

  10. The 2005 atlantic hurricane season was
    the most active season on record. an unprecedented 27 named tropical storms, including 14 hurricanes,
    caused devastating losses across Central america, the Caribbean and the United States of america. Seven
    of these were classed as “major” hurricanes (category 3 or higher on the Saffir-Simpson scale). In Central
    america and the Caribbean region, the most damage occurred from Hurricanes Dennis, Emily, Stan, Wilma
    and Beta. In the United States, Hurricane Katrina was the deadliest hurricane to hit the country since 1928.


  11. Hurricane Wilma was the most intense atlantic hurricane ever recorded in the year 2005.

  12. In the year 2006 heavy rains ended prolonged drought in the Greater Horn of africa, leading to the worst flooding in October/November in 50 years.

  13. In the year 2007: Nome in alaska was frost-free from June to September – its second longest frost-free season on
    record. Exceptionally heavy rains in a number of african countries (Burkina faso, Sudan, Uganda) caused
    widespread flooding. Mexico suffered the worst flooding in five decades in November, causing the worst
    weather-related disaster in its history. Severe to exceptional drought continued in the south-east United
    States, with the driest spring on record and the second worst fire season after 2006. australia suffered a
    sixth straight year of drought in Murray-Darling Basin. In 2007 sea ice extent reached its lowest September value since the beginning of measurement in 1979.

  14. In the year 2008:China witnessed the worst severe winter weather in five decades in January, with over 78 million people affected by the freezing temperatures and heavy snow. The exceptional cold extended westwards across asia as far as Turkey. There was an unusually mild winter over most parts of Scandinavia; with monthly anomalies exceeding 7°C for much of Norway, Sweden and finland, it was the warmest winter ever recorded. Tropical Cyclone Nargis with maximum winds of 215 km/hour was the most devastating cyclone to
    strike asia since 1991, causing Myanmar’s worst natural disaster ever. Heavy rain and flooding in Brazil in November affected 1.5 million people and resulted in 84 fatalities. Severe prolonged drought hit argentina, Uruguay and Paraguay, where large areas reported one of the driest years on record.Source:

  15. The year 2010 ranked as the warmest year on record, along with 1998 and 2005. (The difference in
    global surface temperature between the three warmest years 1998, 2005 and 2010 is within a small range
    of 0.02°C, making the difference statistically indistinguishable.) Over the course of the 2010 monsoon season, Pakistan experienced the worst floods
    in its history. Heavy rainfall, flash floods and riverine floods combined to create a moving body of water equal in dimension to the land mass of the United Kingdom. The floods affected 84 of 121 districts in Pakistan, and more than 20 million people – one-tenth of Pakistan’s population – devastating villages from the Himalayas to the arabian Sea. More than 1 700 people were killed, and at least 1.8 million homes damaged or destroyed. Source:

  16. Greenland recorded its warmest decade (2001–2010) since modern measurements. Most stations in West Greenland, especially in the southwest, recorded their warmest ever year in 2010. In august, ice measuring more than 200 km2 calved from the Petermann Glacier in northern Greenland – the largest chunk in the past 50 years of observations and data (since 1962). Tens of thousands of icebergs calve yearly from the glaciers of Greenland, but this one was exceptionally large; because of its size, it more typically resembled icebergs in Antartica

  17. The World record rainfall for 1 minute is 1.23 inches at Unionville, MD, USA
    The World record rainfall for 1 hour = 12.0 inches at Holt, MO, USA
    The World record rainfall for 24 hrs. = 71.8 inches at Reunion Island
    The World record rainfall for one day = 37.1 inches at Mumbai, India
    The World record rainfall for a 72 hr. period = 12.9 FEET on the French Island of Reunion
    The World record rainfall for 1 year = 1042 inches at Cherrapunji, India

  18. A reading of 136°F, observed at Azizia (elevation about 380 ft, Tripolitania, Libya, North Africa) on September 13, 1922, is generally accepted as the world's highest temperature recorded under standard conditions.

    1. New WMO World Extreme Highest Global Temperature: An international evaluation panel of meteorologists have disqualified the long-held 58ºC temperature recorded on 13 September 1922 in El Azizia, Libya due to five primary concerns: (a) problematical instrumentation, (b) a likely inexperienced observer, (c) an observation site over an asphalt-like material which was not representative of the native desert soil, (d) poor matching of the extreme to other nearby locations and (e) poor matching to subsequent temperatures recorded at the site. The new record, Greenland Ranch (Furnace Creek), Death Valley California, USA, is 56.7°C (134°F) and measured on 10 July 1913. The official WMO press release is given at:

  19. The highest temperature ever observed in Canada was 115°F at Gleichen, Alberta on July 28, 1903. A high of 120°F or higher has been recorded on all the continents except Antarctica, where the high is only 58.3°F.

    Read more:

  20. Greenland Ranch, California, with 134°F on July 10, 1913, holds the record for the highest temperature ever officially recorded in the United States.

    Read more:

  21. Death Valley has the hottest summers in the Western Hemisphere, and is the only known place in the United States where nighttime temperatures sometimes remain above 100°F.

    Read more:

  22. The highest average annual temperature in the world, possibly a world record, is the 94°F, at Dalol (or Dallol), Ethiopia.

    Read more:

    1. Thanks Shitij: But it is already put up in the main article.

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  24. Highest Temperature Extremes,Highest Average Annual Precipitation Extremes,Lowest Average Annual Precipitation Extremes,Record Highest Temperatures by State in USA,Record Lowest Temperatures by State in USA are also given on the following site As these data are presented in a table form so not able to post data in vagaries

  25. On January 25th, 1916 residents of Browning, Montana were still adjusting to the largest 24 hour temperature change on record in the U.S.. On January 23rd and 24th, 1916 the temperature fell from a pleasant 44 degrees above zero to a bitter -56 degrees in 24 hours. That's a temperature change of an amazing 100 degrees in 24 hours and that's a record that still stands as the largest 24 hour temperature fluctuation in the U.S. (Source: NOAA's National Weather Service Weather Forecast Office)

  26. Typhoon Bopha (international designation: 1224, JTWC designation: 26W, PAGASA designation: Pablo) was the strongest tropical cyclone to ever hit the southern Philippine island of Mindanao, making landfall as a Category 5 super typhoon with winds of 160 mph (260 km/h).[1] Bopha originated unusually close to the equator, becoming the second-most southerly Category 5 super typhoon, reaching a minimum latitude of 7.4°N on December 3. Only Typhoon Louise of 1964 came closer to the equator at this strength, at 7.3°N.[1]

  27. On February 27, Abu Na’Ama, Sudan measured a temperature of 44.5°C (112.1°F), the warmest reliably measured temperature on record for the month of February anywhere in the northern hemisphere. Source:

  28. An amazing 515 cm (202.8” or almost 17’) level snow depth was measured at Sukayu Onsen, Aomori on Honshu Island in Japan on February 21st, the deepest snow measured at an official weather site in Japan records. However, much deeper snow has accumulated at uninhabited sites in the Japanese Alps.Source:

  29. the hottest sea surface temperatures ever recorded anywhere in the world have been 98°(36.667C) in the Persian Gulf and 96°(35.556C) in the Red Sea. Source:

  30. The absolute highest dew point recorded in the region and therefore the world was 95°(35.0C) at Dhahran, Saudi Arabia at 3 p.m. on July 8, 2003. Source:

  31. The lowest temperature recorded in Australia was at Charlotte Pass, New South Wales where it dropped to -23 °C (-9.4 °F) on June 29, 1994.

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  33. The highest wind speed ever recorded in the world was a 408 kilometres per hour (253 miles per hour) wind gust that hit Barrow Island, Australia during Tropical Cyclone Olivia on April 10, 1996. That record-setting wind was accompanied by four other extreme gusts, ranging from 298 to 374 kilometres per hour (185 to 232 miles per hour). Source:

  34. The driest spot in Australia is Troudaninna, South Australia, which gets just 102.9 millimetres (4.05 inches) of rainfall a year, on average.Source:Source:

  35. With an average of 8,034 millimetres (316.3 inches) of rainfall annually, Bellenden Ker in Queensland is Australia's rainiest place.

  36. This comment has been removed by the author.

  37. Africa's lowest temperature was recorded on February 11, 1935 when the thermometer read -23.9 °C (-11 °F) in Ifrane, Morocco

    1. Source:

  38. Less than 2.54 millimetres (0.1 inches) of rain falls a year, on average, at Wadi Halfa, Sudan, making this the driest place in Africa.Source:

  39. The lowest temperature ever recorded on earth is -89.2 °C (-128.5 °F) at Vostok, Antarctica on July 21, 1983 Source:

  40. With its annual average temperature of -58.3 °C (-72.9 °F), Dome A, Antarctica is the coldest place in the world.Source:

  41. The temperature reached a balmy, record-breaking high for Antarctica of 15 °C (59 °F) at Vanda Station, Scott Coast on January 5, 1974.Source:

  42. The east and west coasts of Antarctica, as well as the Antarctica Peninsula, all average 800 millimetres (31.5 inches) of precipitation a year, making these areas the wettest on the South Pole's continent.Source:

  43. The Amundsen-Scott South Pole Station gets the least amount of rain or snow anywhere in Antarctica, amounting to just 2 millimetres (0.08 inches) in an average year.Source:

  44. The wind at Port Martin, Antarctica averages more than 64 kph (kilometres per hour) (40 miles per hour) on at least one hundred days each year, making it overall the windiest place on earth.

  45. While the lowest temperature ever measured in Europe was -55 °C (-67 °F) in Ust'Shchugor, Russia, the event's date was never recorded.

  46. The temperature reached 48 °C (118.4 °F) in both Athens and Elefsina, Greece on July 10, 1977, setting the official European record high. There's also an unofficial record of the temperature climbing to 50 °C (122 °F) in Seville, Spain on August 4, 1881.

  47. Europe's wettest place is Crkvica in Bosnia-Hercegovina, which receives an average 4,648 millimetres (183 inches) of precipitation a year.

  48. Just 162.6 millimetres (6.4 inches) of precipitation falls a year on average in Astrakhan, Russia, making it the driest place in Europe.

  49. The lowest temperature ever recorded in North America is -63 °C (-81.4 °F) at Snag, Yukon in Canada on February 3, 1947.

  50. The thermometer reached a North American record high of 56.7 °C (134 °F) at Greenland Ranch in Death Valley, California, USA on July 10, 1913.

  51. Henderson Lake, on the west coast of British Columbia, Canada received an average of 7 metres (276 inches) of rain and snow a year when precipitation was measured there from 1923 to 1935 and 1998 to 2000.

  52. The most rain to fall in North America over 24 hours was 1633.98 millimetres (64.3 inches) dumped by a Caribbean hurricane on Isla Mujeres in Mexico, Oct 21-22, 2005.

  53. Just 30.5 millimetres (1.2 inches) of rain falls in a typical year at Batagues in Baja California Sur, Mexico, an average annual precipitation lower than anywhere else in North America.

  54. Mount Washington in New Hampshire, USA has North America's strongest wind. About 60 metres (200 feet) below the summit, a 372 kilometres per hour (231 miles per hour) gust was recorded on April 12, 1934. Then, for the entire month of February 1939, wind speed on the mountain averaged 113 kph (70 mph)

  55. The lowest temperature recorded in South America was -32.8 °C (-27 °F) in Sarmiento, Argentina on June 1, 1907.

  56. South America's record high temperature of 48.9 °C (120 °F) was reached in Rivadavia, Argentina on December 11, 1905.

  57. The recognized record for South America's rainiest place is Quibdo, Colombia, which on average receives 8,990 millimetres (354 inches) of precipication annually. Unofficially, though, it's believed that Lloro, Colombia is much wetter, where it's estimated an average 3,300 millimetres (523.6 inches) of rain falls each year.

  58. The lowest temperature ever officially recorded in Canada and in North America is -63 °C (-81.4 °F) on February 3, 1947 at Snag, Yukon. Snag was a small airport in southwest Yukon located near the Alaska Highway and not far from the Alaska-Yukon border.

  59. The highest temperature officially recorded in Canada is 45 °C (113 °F) on July 5, 1937 at Midale and at Yellow Grass, two small towns in southeastern Saskatchewan.

  60. Las Vegas is the only large US city to average less than an inch (25 mm) of rain for every month of the year. At its driest, Las Vegas hasn't even accumulated an inch of rain throughout an entire year.
    The driest year on record for Las Vegas is 1953, when 0.56 inches (14 mm) fell at the airport. More recent dry years include 2002, 2006 and 2009, each of which received less than 1.7 inches (43 mm) of rainfall. In comparison, the second driest of America's large cities, Phoenix, has never had under 2.8 inches (71 mm) of rain in a year.Source:

  61. Prince Rupert's average of 3111 millimetres (mm) (over ten feet) of precipitation a year earns it the reputation as Canada's wettest city.

  62. The highest average annual snowfall recorded at a weather station is 1471 centimetres (48 feet) on Mount Fidelity.

  63. Prairie cities lead the list of Canadian cities with the most sunshine. Calgary is the sunniest of Canada's large cities, with an average of 2405 hours of bright sun a year, spread over 333 days.

  64. The lowest temperature ever recorded in the United States was -80 degrees Fahrenheit (-62 degrees Celsius) on January 23, 1971 at Prospect Creek Camp, located near the Arctic Circle along the Alaska pipeline.

  65. North America's highest temperature ever recorded is 134 degrees Fahrenheit (56.7 degrees Celsius), which occurred at Death Valley, California on July 10, 1913 at Greenland Ranch.

  66. The most rain in the United States and the world falls at Mt. Waialeale on Kauai in Hawaii. It rained an average of 460 inches (11,684 millimetres) a year from 1931 to 1960 on the tropical island mountain. That's over 38 feet (11 metres) of rain.

  67. The most snow to fall in any 24 hour period is 75.8 inches (193 centimeters), well over six feet, that landed at Silver Lake, Colorado. Even after 24 hours, the snowflakes still kept coming and by 6 pm on April 15, 1921 a record 87 inches had landed. The blizzard continued non-stop for 32.5 hours, ultimately leaving 95 inches (241 cm) of fresh snow on the ground. This set yet another record for the deepest accumulation from one continuous snowfall.

  68. Places with plenty of heavy cloudy in U.S. range from Juneau on Alaska's panhandle in the southeast, westward to Saint Paul Island in the Bering Sea.

    Consistently the cloudiest among these isolated places is Cold Bay, a tiny community on the Alaska Peninsula in Aleutians East Borough. Cold Bay has an average of 304 overcast days a year, 83% of days, when cloud covers over three-quarters of the sky.
    Saint Paul Island ranks second among the 260 major weather stations in the US that track cloudy days, with 287 days annually. Juneau is the next cloudiest with extensive cloud on 280 days a year, or about three out of four days.

  69. Yuma, Arizona tops the list of places in United States with the most sun. Generally it's sunny in Yuma for 90% of the time from sunrise to sunset. In fact, with its typical 4300 sunny hours a year, Yuma achieves the world record for most recorded annual average sunshine.The least brightest month there is December, when the sun still shines during 82% of daylight hours. That's a lot more than most places get in any month of the year. During the summer months, Redding, Fresno and Sacramento take over as the sunniest spots in the country.
    The largest proportion of sun any place in the US averages for a month is 97% . Yuma reaches that mark in June, Fresno and Sacramento in July, and Redding in both July and August.

  70. 26 feb 2011
    Hailstorm in Lahore was 35 years record breaking first time measurable 4.5 mm after 1976 isolated but v strong event.
    After light to moderate rain since early morning during afternoon things started to change steadily as half of city from southeast started to receive hails and within half an hour more than 50% of city came under grip of hailstorm which continued for 20-40 Minutes at different areas.